Written by Julie Parker. Posted in Sheepfold Gleanings.


Deuteronomy 3:23 to 7:11                                                                                                         
Isaiah 40:1-26
Matthew 4:1-11                                                                                                                         
 Mark 12:1-44                                                                                                                                   
1 Timothy 2:4-6

We continue from the previous study Devarim (Deuteronomy 1:1-3:22 found at with Scripture’s account of the last days in the life of Moses and his final words of encouragement to the twelve tribes of Israel, where he taught the Children of Israel to follow Yahweh’s words that it might go well with them.

  • Deuteronomy 4:1 “Now, O Israel, listen to the statutes and the judgments which I teach you to observe, that you may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD/Yahweh God/Elohim of your fathers is giving you.”


The words statutes and judgments, which we studied in the last lesson, are witnessed in Yahweh’s signs and wonders. Hear is Strong’s H8085 shama, which means to carefully hear someone or something as well as respond appropriately in obedience or action. If we truly believe, we would hear/comprehend what we are taught and the Spirit who dwells within the words will activate within those who respond. Their response will bear much fruit in the form of signs and wonders as a normal flow of action/walk in Him – thus the dead will rise to life (Acts 3:11-22).

We are learning that when one hears, it means to do. Hearing speaks of faith. Faith is not a belief without action. Faith is evident when one acts upon what one has heard. Scripture is the voice of Yahweh. The Holy Spirit is the voice of prophecy. What do we hear? When we read Scripture today we hear the voice of God/Elohim, the same voice/word that was spoken audibly to the Israelites at Mount Sinai. The purpose of hearing is to do – to take action upon the words heard. Otherwise if we do not take action upon the word heard our faith is in vain.

  • Romans 2:13  “for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified.”

  • James 1:22 “But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.”

The Two Witnesses

  • Deuteronomy 4:12-13 “And the LORD/Yahweh spoke to you out of the midst of the fire. You heard the sound of the words, but saw no form; you only heard a voice. So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, the Ten Commandments; and He wrote them on two tablets of stone” (Deuteronomy 4:15).

The Holy Spirit/Ruach HaKodesh chose Moses to reveal the pattern for the bride to walk in. In order for heaven to have authority and power on earth there needs to be two truthful witnesses. Scripture reveals that the Ruach bears witness to this truth and is the truth that reveals Yeshua in both heaven and on earth. In 1John 5:6-8 we are taught about the two witnesses. The first witness is heaven, which has three witnesses: the Father, the Word and the Spirit and the second witness is on the earth, which also has three witnesses: the Holy Spirit, the water and the blood. Thus the Spirit bears witness in heaven and on earth that the spoken Word of the Father in heaven manifested in the flesh on earth among His people. The Father’s manifested word on earth is called the Son of God, Yeshua HaMashiach (Luke 1:35; John 1:1; 14).

  • 1John 5:6-8 “This is He who came by water and blood - Jesus Christ/Yeshua Ha Mashiach; not only by water, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who bears witness, because the Spirit is truth. 7 For there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. 8 And there are three that bear witness on earth: the Spirit, the water, and the blood; and these three agree as one.” (KJV/NKJV)

For those using different versions other than the King James Version, New King James version or a Hebrew rendering of 1 John 5:7, you will not find this scripture in your bible. It seems 1John 5:7 has been the source of great religious debate dating back to the early church fathers. Basically, the difficulty arose between those who believed that the Father’s word in heaven became flesh, manifesting in bodily form (Yeshua) on earth through the Spirit and that these three are one/echad versus those who held a belief in the trinity concept introduced by the Roman Catholic doctrine that the Father, the Son and the Spirit are all separate people. The Father is not the Son. The Son is not the Father and the Spirit is neither. Therefore, the early church fathers (not necessarily believers), who were more interested in the institution of a religious organization than establishing the truth, just removed the offending 1 John 5:7 Scripture all together. Of the more that 5000 Greek translations available, only the earliest versions have 1 John 5:7 in their bible. The later Greek texts have it removed.

Scripture declares there must be two or more agreeing parties for truth to be established. When one witness is missing or taken away, truth cannot be established therefore will not stand before Yahweh’s kingdom. If the witness of heaven is removed there is no witness for it to be revealed on the earth therefore those who say they are of the Kingdom of heaven but have removed the testimony/witness of heaven from their doctrine are then deemed false prophets with a false doctrine according to Scripture.

  • John 8:16-18 “And yet if I [Yeshua] do judge, My judgment is true; for I am not alone, but I am with the Father who sent Me. It is also written in your law that the testimony of two men is true. I am One who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me” (Deuteronomy 19:15; 1 John 5:7 KJV/NKJV).

The word of Yahweh has been revealed since the beginning (Genesis) down through history.

  • John 1:1-2, 14 “In the beginning [Genesis] was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.  He was in the beginning with God. 14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory [Yeshua]” (1 John 1).
  • 1 John 1:1-3 “That which was from the beginning [Genesis 1:1], which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, concerning the Word of life - the life was manifested, and we have seen, and bear witness, and declare to you that eternal life which was with the Father and was manifested to us - that which we have seen and heard we declare to you, that you also may have fellowship with us; and truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ/Yeshua HaMashiach [Yeshua, the Word manifest in the flesh].”

The Witness of Heaven and Earth

Who is the witness of heaven and earth? When the Children of Israel came out of Egypt, Moses was called up the Mountain of God and shown a pattern. This pattern Moses was to replicate on the earth exactly as he had witnessed in heaven on the mountain. This then became the Tabernacle in the wilderness; the witness of heaven on earth, with all twelve tribes camped facing it.

  • Psalm 77:13 “Your way, O God, is in the sanctuary [holiness]; Who is so great a God as our God?”
  • Jeremiah 17:12 “A glorious high throne from the beginning [Genesis/Beresheet] is the place of our sanctuary [tabernacle].”

Yeshua, the Father’s Word manifested physically on the earth, is the witness of heaven and earth – the living heavenly temple/tabernacle (John 1:1,14).

  • John 2:19-21 “Jesus/Yeshua answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’ Then the Jews said, ‘It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?’ But He was speaking of the temple of His body.”
  • Hebrews 8:1-2 “Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.”
  • Revelation 15:5  “After these things I looked, and behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened.”
  • Revelation 21:2-3  “Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, ‘Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them and be their God.’ ”
  • Revelation 19:13 “And He is clothed with a robe dipped in blood; and His name is called The Word of God.” 
  • John 10:30 “I and the Father are one” (1 John 5:7). 

Yeshua taught of the two witnesses of heaven and earth when He instructed His disciples how to pray saying,

  • Matthew 6:9-13 “In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread [your Word]. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.”

Moses opens Deuteronomy with calling the Children of Israel to heed the warning of the two witnesses saying,

  • Deuteronomy 4:23-26 “Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the covenant of the LORD your God which He made with you, and make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything which the LORD your God has forbidden you. For the LORD your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God. When you beget children and grandchildren and have grown old in the land, and act corruptly and make a carved image in the form of anything, and do evil in the sight of the LORD your God to provoke Him to anger, I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that you will soon utterly perish from the land which you cross over the Jordan to possess; you will not prolong your days in it, but will be utterly destroyed.”

Later, Moses will close Deuteronomy by using heaven and earth as a witness again saying,

  • Deuteronomy 31:28 “Gather to me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to witness against them.”

Deuteronomy continues with Moses sharing more about the three witnesses of heaven and the three witnesses of earth,

  • Deuteronomy 4:35-39 “To you it was shown, that you might know that the LORD Himself is God [the Father]; there is none other besides Him. Out of heaven He let you hear His voice, that He might instruct you; on earth He showed you His great fire, and you heard His words out of the midst of the fire. And because He loved your fathers, therefore He chose their descendants after them; and He brought you out of Egypt with His Presence, with His mighty power [Spirit], driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in, to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is this day. Therefore know this day, and consider it in your heart, that the LORD Himself is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.”

What is this witness of heaven and earth? The witness Moses saw on Mount Sinai is the true Heavenly tabernacle – the reflection of the manifested word/Yeshua.  The Tabernacle design was made so that the Children of Israel could grasp that The Father and His Word in the Flesh are all one, and see how His Kingdom functioned so His people could walk according to His ways on earth (1John 5:6-8 KJV/NKJV). The Israelites had been living outside the land among an unclean people for 400 years, now they were being reestablished and confirmed as God’s/Elohim people before returning to posses the land. With this understanding of who the Kingdom is, the gates of hell could not prevail against the Israelites. With it they would become a strong united people, ready to go in and possess their land. However, if they did not heed the words or walk in the understanding of the kingdom of heaven on earth there would be no second witness and they would soon become a weak, poor and blind people.

Why was this so important to know? The formalizing of the Covenant at Mount Sinai was the honoring of the Word that had been among the people since the beginning of time.

  • Revelation 13:8  “All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.”

All through the Torah, Yeshua the Word, manifested among His people. It was not until Mount Sinai that the Word was formally written down and its mandate made clear. This is the witness of heaven and earth. The people now had a hard copy of the witness. They all heard and saw, and now, through the replication of the Tabernacle, became acquainted with how to walk in Him in righteousness and holiness. This edification was not for salvation purposes, but for sanctification and to show the people how to keep their salvation by strengthening their faith through the power of Spirit of Truth. So important is this pattern of the heavenly tabernacle on earth that Paul used it to teach from saying,

  • 1 Corinthians 3:10-17 “According to the grace of God which was given to me, as a wise master builder I have laid the foundation, and another builds on it. But let each one take heed how he builds on it. For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ/Yeshua HaMashiach. Now if anyone builds on this foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, [or] wood, hay, straw, each one’s work will become clear; for the Day will declare it, because it will be revealed by fire; and the fire will test each one’s work, of what sort it is. If anyone’s work, which he has built on, it endures, he will receive a reward. If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire. Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? If anyone defiles the temple of God, God will destroy him. For the temple of God is holy, which temple you are.

Yeshua is the living Tabernacle and where He serves as High Priest today, thus it was not necessary that the ‘old’ earthly tabernacle stood.

  • Hebrews 10:19-31 “Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus/Yeshua, by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, and having a High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water.  Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.  And let us consider one another in order to stir up love and good works, not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching. For if we sin willfully after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, and fiery indignation, which will devour the adversaries.  Anyone who has rejected Moses’ law dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses.  Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace?  For we know Him who said, ‘Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord. And again, ‘The LORD will judge His people.’ It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.”

With the temple Yeshua serves in still eternally standing in heaven, and we, the representatives of the Living Temple/Yeshua here on earth, how much more should His people be attentive to the words Moses shared from Mount Sinai today? We have been given this same witness of heaven and earth in our daily walk: the witness of heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit and the witness on earth: the Spirit, the water and the blood – all one (Hebrews 8:1).

  • 2 Corinthians 6:16 - 7:1 “For you are the temple of the living God. As God/Elohim has said: ‘I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God, and they shall be My people.’ Therefore come out from among them and be separate, says the Lord. Do not touch what is unclean, and I will receive you. I will be a Father to you, and you shall be My sons and daughters, Says the LORD Almighty. Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.”

The Word: The Witness of Heaven on Earth

Why does Moses call heaven and earth as witness against the children of Israel? Are these just allegories or are they true witnesses? What is held in heaven that is on earth that can be a witness against us today?

  • Hebrews 9:19-28 “For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water, scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, saying, ‘This is the blood of the covenant which God has commanded you.’ Then likewise he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry. And according to the law almost all things are purified with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no remission.  Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens should be purified with these, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. For Christ/Messiah has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters the Most Holy Place every year with blood of another - He then would have had to suffer often since the foundation of the world; but now, once at the end of the ages, He has appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment, so Christ/Messiah was offered once to bear the sins of many. To those who eagerly wait for Him He will appear a second time, apart from sin, for salvation.”

The Father’s Word was imparted to the Children of Israel right after they came out of Egypt. It is now being repeated for the next generation. These words form the Covenant, which contains all the statutes and judgments for those who observe these words, and establish His heavenly authority on earth. If observance to the vow we made is not observed, these words will then become the witness against God’s people. When Scripture talks about the word, it is in reference to these Ten Statements/Commandments, which is a summary of the Covenant. As the people received the Ten Statements they said,“All that the LORD/Yahweh has spoken we will do.” This vow then made their words legal and binding to Yahweh. The Ten Commandments then became a legal document on the earth – thus the witness for or against the people of the vow. Remember from the first lesson in Deuteronomy Devarim, the Hebrew word for judgments is H4941 mishpat describes rulings over cases as well as the action of deciding a case. We serve a God who wants to rule in our favor therefore He sent His Word/Yeshua to be our Savior – Ruler in Hebrew is the door of life - one who restores life to His people (Exodus 19:8; 24:3,7).

  • Deuteronomy 5:1-18 “And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: ‘Hear, O Israel, the statutes [for] and judgments [against] which I speak in your hearing today, that you may learn them and be careful to observe them. The LORD/Yahweh our God/Elohim made a covenant with us in Horeb. The LORD/Yahweh did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive. The LORD/Yahweh talked with you face to face on the mountain from the midst of the fire. I stood between the LORD/Yahweh and you at that time, to declare to you the word of the LORD/Yahweh; for you were afraid because of the fire, and you did not go up the mountain. He said,
  1. “I am the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
  2. You shall have no other gods before Me. You shall not make for yourself a carved image – any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, am a jealous God/Elohim, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
  3. You shall not take the name of the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim in vain, for the LORD/Yahweh will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
  4. Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates, that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim commanded you to keep the Sabbath day.
  5. Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim has commanded you, that your days may be long, and that it may be well with you in the land which the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim is giving you.
  6. You shall not murder.
  7. You shall not commit adultery.
  8. You shall not steal.
  9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
  10. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife; and you shall not desire your neighbor's house, his field, his male servant, his female servant, his ox, his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor's.”
  • Deuteronomy 5:22 “These words the LORD/Yahweh spoke to all your assembly, in the mountain from the midst of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, with a loud voice; and He added no more. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me.”

Are the Ten Commandments still operational now that we are in Yeshua? What are Yeshua’s commandments? For our answer we look at the Hebrew fathers.

  • Galatians 3:7 “Understand, then, that those who believe [in Yeshua] are children of Abraham” (John 1:1,14).

How can believers be children of Abraham when they are in Yeshua? The Scripture/Word preached the gospel to Abraham before it was formally written down and formalized by the people at Mount Sinai.

  • Galatians 3:8 “And the Scripture [the Word/Yeshua], foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham” (John 1:1,14).

The formal writing of the gospel would not take place until the Israelites reached Mount Sinai. This does not mean that those before that time did not have the gospel. The gospel is another name for the Word/the Ten Commandments. Because Abraham was faithful to obey the gospel we too are called the seed of Abraham when we keep Yeshua’s words.

  • Galatians 2:29 “If you belong to Yeshua, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise [the Covenant given Abraham].”
  • Galatians 4:28 “Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise [Abrahamic Covenant].”

What about Moses?

  • Romans 5:14 “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come” (Hebrews 11:24-27).

Why did Paul say in Romans 5:14 that death reigned from Adam to Moses? Paul did not say that death reigned from Adam to Yeshua? We see in John 5:46-47 that Yeshua said,

  • John 5:46-47 Yeshua said, “For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about me. But if you do not believe his [Moses] writings, how will you believe My words [Yeshua’s commandments Moses imparted at Mount Sinai/Torah]?”

Paul used Moses and not Yeshua in Romans 5:14 because Moses wrote about Yeshua’s commandments. The word became flesh dwelt among the people. Moses saw His form and talked with Him face to face as a friend (Exodus 33:11).

  • Numbers 12:8 “I [Yahweh] speak with him [Moses] face to face, even plainly, and not in dark sayings; and he [Moses] sees the form of the LORD/Yahweh [the word –Yeshua].”

The words given to Moses, written on two tablets of stone, became the formal legal documentation of the Gospel that had been since the beginning (Genesis 1:1; John 1:1,14). The Ten Commandments summarized the foundation of His Kingdom that our faith is built upon. These words of Life, now legal, taught man how to walk in the laws that give life and to separate from the laws that would give death. Thus death only ruled from Adam to Moses. Now the people could govern themselves and walk in agreement to His ways.

Furthermore, all those Moses taught in the wilderness, who were now included in this legal document called the Ten Commandments, were all filled within with the Holy Spirit/Ruach HaKodesh and shepherd by Yeshua.

  • Isaiah 63:11-13 “Then he remembered the days of old, Moses and his people, saying: ‘Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit within them, Who led them by the right hand of Moses, with His glorious arm, dividing the water before them to make for Himself an everlasting name, Who led them through the deep, as a horse in the wilderness, that they might not stumble?’ ” (Hebrews 11:24-27) (Yeshua/The Good Shepherd: John 10:11-18).
  • Matthew 17:1-5 “Now after six days Jesus/Yeshua took Peter, James, and John his brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. Then Peter answered and said to Jesus/Yeshua, ‘Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.’ While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear [shema] Him!’ ”
  • Deuteronomy 6:1-3 “These are the commands, decrees and laws Yahweh directed me to teach you to observe in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess, so that you, your children and their children after them may fear the Yahweh as long as you live by keeping all his decrees and commands that I give you, and so that you may enjoy long life. Hear, O Israel, and be careful to obey so that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly in a land flowing with milk and honey, just as Yahweh, the Elohim of your fathers, promised you.

Yeshua’s Faithfulness

Yeshua is faithful to the promises contained in His Covenant and will help His people in their walk with Him. This action (belief) in Him is faith and is accorded to us as righteousness. Without righteousness no one can please Yahweh therefore we who love Yeshua walk by faith in His Word/the Commandments. Yeshua said, if you love Me you will obey My commandments. The Word given to our ancestors at Mount Sinai are Yeshua’s commandments and our inheritance today (John 14:15).

The stories of our fathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob are very important today. Abraham passed the Covenant given him onto his descendant Isaac. Isaac to his son Jacob/Israel and Jacob to his sons. They became the twelve tribes of Israel, all those who came out of Egypt, all partakers in the same inheritance through obedience.

In Deuteronomy we read how Moses followed the pattern and taught the children of Israel to live and walk in His Kingdom and be disciples of the Fathers’ Word. We today bear this same seed and are heirs of the promise given Abraham; still valid and as powerful today!

  • Deuteronomy 6:5-9  “And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.”
  • Deuteronomy 7:9 “Therefore know that the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, He is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments”
  • 1 Chronicles 16:15-18  “Remember His covenant forever, the word which He commanded, for a thousand generations, The covenant which He made with Abraham, and His oath to Isaac, and confirmed it to Jacob for a statute, to Israel for an everlasting covenant, saying, ‘To you I will give the land of Canaan As the allotment of your inheritance’”
  • Psalm 105:8 “He remembers His covenant forever, The word which He commanded, for a thousand generations”

Yeshua is indeed the purpose, goal and fulfillment of His Word (Romans 10:4).  We who believe and walk in His ways are His firstfruits. Yeshua, the physical manifestation of the Word is our identity (John 1:1;14). He is the living and eternal word and therefore so is the Covenant made with Abraham that resides in us today. Yeshua is the author and guarantor of the Word, faithful to fulfill His Purpose in our life. This is why Yeshua is the goal of the Torah and the goal of our faith.

  • James 1:22 “Do not merely listen to the word, and so deceive yourselves. Do what it says.”
  • 1 Peter 1:22-23 “Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth so that you have sincere love for your brothers, love one another deeply, from the heart. For you have been born again, not of perishable seed, but of imperishable, through the living and enduring word of Yahweh.”
  • Deuteronomy 4:2 “Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of Yahweh your Elohim that I give you.”
  • Revelation 22:18 “I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds anything to them, Yahweh will add to him the plagues described in this book. And if anyone takes words away from this book of prophecy, Yahweh will take away from him his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.”

The Shema

“Sh’ma, Yisra’el! Yahweh Eloheinu, Yahweh echad.”
“Hear, O Israel: Yahweh our God/Elohim, Yahweh is one!

“You shall love Yahweh your God/Elohim with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. And these words [the Ten Commandment] which I command you today [that became legal/law], shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates” (Deuteronomy 6:4-9).

Yeshua quoted Deuteronomy 6:4 when He was questioned by those who were testing Him (John 13:34-15:17).

  • Mark 12:28-31 “One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Yeshua had given them a good answer, he asked him, ‘Of all the commandments, which is the most important?’ ‘The most important one,’ answered Yeshua, ‘is this: “Hear, O Israel, Yahweh our God/Elohim, the Yahweh is One. Love the Yahweh your God/Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.” The second is this: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” There is no commandment greater than these.”

You Shall Love Yahweh Your Elohim
with all your heart,with all your soul, and with all your mind

What does it mean to love the LORD/Yahweh our God/Elohim with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your mind? Once Yahweh’s people hear His Words and vow to keep them, they are then bound to the vow they made and to their commitment to obey His Words. Their agreement activates them legally to the Word/Commandments/Covenant and allows the Word to operate legally through their obedience to it. When His people choose to purposely walk responsibly in His ways, this is called being righteous. This also is what it means to love Him with all our heart, with all our soul and with all our mind.

Love Your Neighbor As Yourself

What does it mean to love your neighbor as yourself? The Word/Ten Commandments are about hospitality. If God’s people resist walking in the words they vowed to keep before Him, they will not be able to love Yahweh, their neighbor or themselves. Thus they will begin to see His words as a lot of laws and judgmental legality not able to derive any life from them, and reflect the same mindset of a judgmental critical attitude toward God, self and others. Consequently they will view Yahweh as a harsh law giving God and see Yeshua as a separate good, kind and loving God, not realizing the two are one.  When Yahweh’s people keep His words in their heart they will know the love of the Father and walk in His Word for the life they receive not only for themselves but for others also.

Our Righteousness

  • Deuteronomy 6:25 “And if we are careful to obey all this law [with heart and soul, in Spirit and Truth] before the Yahweh our Elohim, as He has commanded us, that will be our righteousness.”
  • James 2:8 “If you really keep the royal law [Hebrew way of saying the Ten Commandments] found in Scripture, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself,’ you are doing right [our righteousness].”

The Royal Law

What is the Royal Law? The Father’s Word spoken from the beginning of time (that became flesh and dwelt among His people) was formalized as a legal document at Mount Sinai through Moses in the exchanging of vows between God and His people. This is called the Royal Law. It is also called Song of Moses and the Song of the Lamb (the Gospel), Israel’s Betrothal Covenant (Covenant of Moses). They are all one in the same.

  • Deuteronomy 11:13-21 “And it shall be that if you earnestly obey My commandments which I command you today, to love Yahweh your God/Elohim and serve Him with all your heart and with all your soul, then I will give you the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain, your new wine, and your oil. And I will send grass in your fields for your livestock, that you may eat and be filled. Take heed to yourselves, lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them, lest Yahweh’s anger be aroused against you, and He shut up the heavens so that there be no rain, and the land yield no produce, and you perish quickly from the good land which Yahweh is giving you. Therefore you shall lay up these words of mine [the gospel] in your heart and in your soul, and bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.  You shall teach them to your children, speaking of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up.  And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates, that your days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land of which Yahweh swore to your fathers to give them, like the days of the heavens above the earth.”

By obeying Yahweh’s instructions His people then come into agreement with His original Kingdom order before time began and before the universe was set in place (Luke 1:1-3). Religious Jews and many Messianic believers recite the Shema in their daily prayers as a declaration of faith. In doing this they are agreeing to come under the headship of Messiah and to walk in obedience to His ways everyday.

  • 2 Chronicles 7:14 “If My people who are called by My Name, will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land.”

As believers we need to understand that we are part of a royal priesthood in a spiritual Holy Kingdom (Exodus 19:5-6; 1 Peter 2:9). As mentioned earlier, the Words given to Moses that were formally written down at Mount Sinai, hold the key, and are the teachings and lifestyle of the Gospel that was originally preached to Abraham. This Covenant is the gate into the Davidic Covenant – the order of Melchizedek - where the priesthood is activated. Since nothing uncircumcised or of disorder (unholy or unclean) enters the Davidic Covenant. The Mosaic Covenant appropriately enables the Priesthood/Bride to re-establish in holiness (Amos 9:11; Galatians 3:8; Acts 15:15-17).

It is very hard for Yahweh’s people to obey His commandments if they are not separating from the law of sin and death in their lives. Believers are called to overcome and separate from the enemy before they can truly keep and obey Yahweh’s Word.

  • Deuteronomy 7:22-24 (In obedience to His Word) “Yahweh your God/Elohim will drive out those nations before you little by little; you will be unable to destroy them at once, lest the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. But Yahweh your God/Elohim will deliver them over to you, and will inflict defeat upon them until they are destroyed.  And He will deliver their kings into your hand, and you will destroy their name from under heaven; no one shall be able to stand against you until you have destroyed them.”

We are told Paul also struggled with these challenges.

  • Romans 7:20-25 “But if I am doing the very thing I do not wish, I am no longer the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wishes to do good. For I joyfully concur with the law of God in the inner man, but I see a different law in the members of my body [flesh], waging war against the law of my mind, and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members. Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death? Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ/Yeshua HaMashiach our Lord! So then, on the one hand I myself with my mind am serving the law of God [life], but on the other, with my flesh the law of sin [and death]” (NAS).

The law that wars within the flesh is the law of sin and death, as it carries a discord that wars against the law of life within us. We are told in 1 John 2:15-17 not to covet the things of the world or they will become snares within us.

  • 1 John 2:15-17 “Do not love [covet] the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world - the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life - is not of the Father but is of the world. And the world is passing away, and the lust of it; but he who does the will of God abides forever.”

When the sin nature is circumcised, as reveled to us by the Word, repentance will bring sanctification and sin will no longer have rule or reign over the flesh.

  • Acts 1:8 Yeshua said, “You shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses [of heaven and earth] both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.”
  • Zechariah 14:9 “And the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be one, and His name one.”

Deuteronomy 32:1-2 “Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. Let my teaching drop as the rain, My speech distill as the dew, as raindrops on the tender herb, And as showers on the grass.”

Shabbat Shalom,
Julie Parker

Ancient Hebrew Research Center Jeff Benner
Walton Mt Sinai by Elijah Walton (1832-1880) - Licensed under Public Domain
Sheep Banner by Phil Haswell

Email Updates