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Jul

Devarim

Written by Julie Parker. Posted in Sheepfold Gleanings.

DEVARIM - WORDS

Deuteronomy 1:1 to 3:22
Isaiah 1:1-27
John 15:1-11
Hebrews 3:7 to 4:11

The Promise

Deuteronomy/Devarim is the last of the five books of Moses, which are traditionally called the Torah, Yahweh’s teaching and instruction. Deuteronomy is the culmination of the first four books and is the powerhouse volume that holds the vision and mandate for the Bride of Yeshua. For those who choose to walk humbly before Yahweh, the book of Deuteronomy becomes a type and shadow of the mantle Elijah passed on to Elisha. For Yahweh’s priesthood, Deuteronomy is the place of anointing, righteousness and empowerment in the Spirit of Yeshua (John 5:46-47).

Deuteronomy epitomizes Moses’ last words to the Children of Israel before they advanced as a mighty army to possess the land.  Those who listened to the instructions and took them to heart would be carried into victory. The principles had the ability to lift the weakest of men to become one of the strongest, and carry many beyond their own ability, giving vision to the poor of heart, humbling the oppressor and crushing the enemy. For those who walked in the words, they become their very life.

Moses

In Deuteronomy, Moses reflects on their forty-year wilderness journey - from their escape from Egypt and the lingering effects of slavery - to the progressive walk of sanctification and redemption in God’s mercy. Moses helped teach the Children of Israel the understanding of their Covenant and guide them through their betrothal/ketubah. We still have their legacy as an example for us today. The days in the wilderness are complete when the Bride/believer understands and walks in her Covenant. Only then does Yahweh draw her close to Himself to prepare her for the wedding. It is the teachings of Moses that escort the Bride to her betrothal and ushers her into the wedding. When believers are fully engaged in a Torah lifestyle they are married with Yeshua, the embodiment of the Father’s Word. This is what produces the transforming life necessary for believers to reach their goal and purpose in Him – eternal life. This is called the restoration of David’s tabernacle/Covenant (Amos 9:11).

  • Ezekiel 20:34-37 “I will bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you are scattered, with a mighty hand, with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out. And I will bring you into the wilderness of the peoples, and there I will plead My case with you face to face. Just as I pleaded My case with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so I will plead My case with you,” says the Lord GOD. “I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant”

For those who marry, they look back on their betrothal with fond memories, from the day of their engagement to the arrival of the greatly anticipated wedding day. The purpose and goal of their betrothal is fulfilled when they arrive at the altar. Their wedding day is the end of their betrothal and the beginning of their marriage. Many Christians have been taught that when Yeshua died and was resurrected, that event was the end. They equate it to end of the law, which includes all the law, thus they are no longer under that old law in the Old Testament. As a result, it [Torah] has been done away now that they are under grace in Yeshua. Therefore all of His laws are no longer required or applicable. However, Scripture clearly states the purpose of Yeshua’s work on earth was not to destroy the Torah, the works of life, but to destroy the works of the devil.

  • 1 John 3:4-5, 8 “Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. And you [believer] know that He [Yeshua – the word] was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning [Beresheet/Genesis]. For this purpose [the beginning] the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.”

Yeshua fulfilled or ended the law of sin and death. This was His goal. Now, life in Him begins. His life is not a synonym for done away with. It is the opposite. As a bride follows all the rules of betrothal, those rules do not end or cease at the altar of marriage. So it is with Yeshua. When He sacrificed His life, He redeemed His people. The altar is where our old life ended and our new life begins. Our walk and life in Yeshua begins at His Altar. Now we are in Covenant relationship, as are a husband and wife. As a gift, He has so generously given His people all the guidelines (rules) to provide for this abundant new life – eternal life - in Him (Exodus 13).

  • Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I [Yeshua] came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.”

Fulfill: Strong’s G4137 to make full, to cause to abound, furnish, supply liberally, render complete, fill to the brim, perform, execute, sayings, promises, prophesies, to bring to pass, ratify, accomplish, to cause God’s will to be known in the law and God’s promises given through the prophets to receive fulfillment.

Moses, knowing that he only had a short time left and that Israel was on the eve of her destiny, outlined one last time the pattern and heritage of Israel. He had led Israel over forty years and here they were coming down to their final days together. Even though Moses could not join them, he desired to be a good steward in presenting a spotless Bride before his Redeemer. Therefore his review was very poignant. He strove to make sure a remnant would carry the testimony of the Covenant and legacy back to the Land with all the wisdom they had been taught, as Moses knew this would mean the difference between life and death once they entered the land.

  • Isaiah 41:13-14; 43:3 “For I, the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, will hold your right hand, saying to you, ‘Fear not, I will help you.’ ‘Fear not, you worm Jacob, you men of Israel! I will help you,’ says the LORD/Yahweh and your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. For I am the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, The Holy One of Israel, your Savior.’ ”

What will our legacy and lasting memories be after we are gone? What will our children and grandchildren remember most about us? Moses invested immense wisdom from the Father into the children of Israel and into their grandchildren. His wisdom has carried all of God’s children; our generation included, and can be measured in wealth well beyond silver and gold.

  • Proverbs 3:13-15 “Happy is the man who finds wisdom, and the man who gains understanding; for her proceeds are better than the profits of silver, and her gain than fine gold. She is more precious than rubies, and all the things you may desire cannot compare with her.”

Moses lived his whole life, all one hundred and twenty years, in the wilderness outside of the land of Israel yet he knew and had a personal relationship in The Revelation of RedemptionYeshua himself. Because of this, Moses was able to pass The Gospel on to myriads of generations after him. Not only to those who were about to enter Canaan after his death, but to all Israel from that time forward to this present day. Today, with the knowledge and understanding from Moses, we, Abraham’s children, also know how to enter and conquer the Promised Land.

  • Galatians 3:7-9  “Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. And the Scripture [Yeshua], foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles [Nations] by faith, preached the Gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, ‘In you all the nations shall be blessed.’ So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham” (John 1:1,14).

Many believers have experienced a wilderness experience and wondered how they could possibly survive. Others have been taught to disregard the words imparted by Moses, which resulted in their generations being scattered throughout the Nations. Did the wilderness disappoint Moses or was he encouraged nonetheless? This man had a deep faith and relationship in Yeshua and when he died was able to see Israel’s rich inheritance in the Land within the seed of Abraham to the next generations. This was the salvation of his soul.

  • Hebrews 11:24-27  “By faith Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter, choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, esteeming the reproach of Christ/Yeshua HaMashiach greater riches than the treasures in Egypt; for he looked to the reward. By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is invisible.”
  • 1 Peter 1:8-12 “Though now you do not see Him [Yeshua], yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory, receiving the end of your faith - the salvation of your souls.  Of this salvation [of the soul] the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ/Yeshua who was in them [the prophets] was indicating when He [Yeshua] testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ/Yeshua and the glories that would follow.  To them [the prophets] it was revealed that, not to themselves, but to us they [the prophets] were ministering the things which now have been reported to you through those who have preached the Gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven - things which angels desire to look into” (Deuteronomy 34:10).

The Purpose of the Wilderness

Some may see the wilderness experience as a form of punishment – but look at the life of this man! Moses had wisdom beyond measure and was one of the most influential spokesmen in all of Torah: Genesis to Revelation. He has encouraged generations and is still leading the Children of Israel today. The wisdom Moses passed on from The Father is for our benefit, our generation and our lives today. The seasons of testing in our lives – often called trials, tribulations or the wildernesses – are there to help us, as these experiences are times of infilling and empowering in His Spirit/Ruach HaKodesh. The trials that we face and overcome help form Yeshua’s character within. Through trials we learn to trust Him and to be obedient to His instructions. This grows us to maturity (2 Corinthians 6:3-10).

  • Isaiah 35:6-10 “Then the lame shall leap like a deer, and the tongue of the dumb sing. For waters shall burst forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert. The parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water; in the habitation of jackals, where each lay, there shall be grass with reeds and rushes. A highway shall be there, and a road, and it shall be called the Highway of Holiness. The unclean shall not pass over it, but it shall be for others. Whoever walks the road, although a fool, shall not go astray. No lion shall be there, nor shall any ravenous beast go up on it; it shall not be found there. But the redeemed shall walk there, and the ransomed of the LORD/Yahweh shall return, and come to Zion with singing, with everlasting joy on their heads. They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.”

Our Ketubah

Moses is our model of how to live and what to teach our children. Seeing The Word face to face enabled Moses to follow the pattern given to him. He was intimate with The Word and wrote down all he had learned. These instructions are the Covenant. In Hebrew it is called the ketubah or Marriage Covenant. Other Hebrew idioms for the ketubah are “the promise,” “the Message,” “the Gospel,” “the Good News,” “good tidings,” “the Song of Moses,” “the Kingdom of God,” “the Song of the Lamb,” the Royal Law,” “the Law of Liberty” and “the word of truth.” The interpreters of the New Testament/Brit Chadasha put all these expressions together into one word namely nomos (Strong’s G3551). Simply translated it comes out as “the law.” Unfortunately this word through the lens of a Greek to English mindset, looks more negative and legalistic than positive. Using the word nomos has literally severed the Bride’s identity.

We learned in a past Torah study (Balak www.sheepfoldgleanings.com) that the early church fathers held to the teachings of Balaam and Jeroboam. They tried to discredit the teachings of Moses by eliminating a believer’s identity and heritage altogether. By ordering Passover to be changed to Easter, the order of Nicaea hindered believers from coming to know their true identity as part of Israel and to avert the Redemption of the Firstborn returning to the Promised Land. The word nomos was one of the ways they strove to accomplish this (Exodus 13; Revelation 2:14; First Council of Nicaea).

Whenever we read the word law in our English translation of Hebrew Scriptures of the New Testament/Brit Chadasha, it is through the Greek rendering nomos. As a result, when we read Yahweh’s Word today we do not know whether the word law/nomos in the passage is referring to:

  • The law of life in Yeshua: The teaching and instruction of how to receive the blessings of His Word, which include the moral and ethical codes of conduct for a holy redeemed lifestyle that governs His Kingdom? OR
  • The law of sin and death: When a believer chooses to walk in the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, or the pride of life and not according to the law of life (1 John 2:15-16)? OR
  • One of the Five Books of Moses or all Five Books of Moses called the Song of Moses? (Exodus 15:1; Deut. 31:22, 30; 32:44; Rev. 15:3) OR
  • The Song of the Lamb? (Rev. 15:3) OR
  • The Gospel? OR
  • The Old Testament or Covenant that man says has become obsolete? OR
  • The Ten Commandments, the wedding vows known as precepts, decrees, statutes, judgments, statements, categories or principles that govern and gives believers life in Yeshua’s Kingdom on earth? OR
  • The Covenants put into effect by the Holy Spirit to direct a believer’s life (i.e. the Abrahamic, Mosaic and Davidic, Renewed Covenants)? OR
  • Yahweh’s Feast Days given to the bride as a road map to escort her to the wedding on time to celebrate with Him? OR
  • Yeshua’s Commandments – the laws of life? OR
  • The Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil – the laws of sin and death? OR
  • The Tree of Life? OR
  • The Law of Liberty? OR
  • The Royal Law? OR
  • The Kingdom of God? OR
  • The mind, will, constitution and government of Yahweh? OR
  • Satan’s government? OR
  • The Word of Truth?

Which law are believers to discern when the word nomos is used? As believers, we are not confused, but the Greek rendering nomos can leave us very confused.

If law/nomos in the New Testament/Brit Chadasha often refers to our Marriage Covenant, our identity and how to walk in our inheritance to inherit the land, then why have they taught that the law has been done away with and that they are no longer under the ‘law’? We could further elaborate, but the point is: which law is the word nomos referring to in which chapter and verse of our English bibles: the realms that bring blessings (life) or the realms that bring curses (death)?

A frequently asked question today is, “Do we have to obey Moses now that we have Jesus?” “Jesus fulfilled all the Law and the Prophets therefore we are no longer under the law, we are now under grace and mercy.” We are learning through Torah that salvation without redemption is dead works (James 2:17). As stated earlier, yes, Yeshua fulfilled all of the law and the prophets, but the question is: which law? The Greek word nomos lumped all of Yahweh’s laws into one word. Yeshua’s death paid the price for our unintentional and intentional sins once and for all time thereby fulfilling the law of sin and death, but does this mean His people no longer have to obey or walk in His teachings that He taught through Moses?

  • Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I [Yeshua] came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill.”
  • Matthew 19:17 “So He [Yeshua] said to him, ‘Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.’ ” (Revelation 22:14)
  • John 15:10 “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I [Yeshua] have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.”
  • Romans 3:31 Paul said, “Do we then make void the law through faith? Certainly not! On the contrary, we establish the law.”

Which ‘Law’?

  • Ezekiel 43:10-12 “Son of man, describe the temple to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities; and let them measure the pattern. And if they are ashamed of all that they have done, make known to them the design of the temple and its arrangement, its exits and its entrances, its entire design and all its ordinances, all its forms and all its laws. Write it down in their sight, so that they may keep its whole design and all its ordinances, and perform them. This is the law of the temple: The whole area surrounding the mountaintop is most holy. Behold, this is the law of the temple.”

Who is the Law of the Temple?

  • John 2:19-21 “Jesus/Yeshua answered and said to them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’ Then the Jews said, ‘It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?’ But He was speaking of the temple of His body.”
  • Hebrews 8:1-2 “Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.”

In Ezekiel 43:10-12 we are reminded what the law is about. The prophet Ezekiel was recording a prophetic word at the time that has yet to unfold in our day, thus this law is still applicable, as the law is all about Yeshua and His Kingdom. If the law of the temple still stands, which it does, then believers need to understand what the law of the temple is. Through Moses we are given the law of the heavenly Tabernacle, which He mirrored to the Children of Israel on earth and is to be mirrored by Yeshua’s people in their earthly temples. All the same rules apply in order for there to be a witness of heaven active on the earth. This is the double-edged sword. In Deuteronomy Moses reiterates the instructions for the building of the Tabernacle to the Israelites along with all of its laws, as they are eternal laws still relevant today. If not, then this prophecy in Ezekiel is not true and the prophet Ezekiel would be deemed a false prophet (1 Corinthians 3:16; Hebrews 4:12)

What was Nailed to the Cross?

  • Revelation 1:17-18 “And when I [John] saw Him [Yeshua], I fell at His feet as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, ‘Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.’ ”

As seen earlier, Scripture clearly states the purpose of Yeshua’s work on earth was to destroy the works of the devil, not the works of life/Torah.

  • 1 John 3:4-5, 8 “Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness. And you [believer] know that He [Yeshua – the word] was manifested to take away our sins, and in Him there is no sin. He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has sinned from the beginning [Beresheet/Genesis]. For this purpose [the beginning] the Son of God was manifested, that He might destroy the works of the devil.”

The manifestation of the Word of the Father – Yeshua - is all explained in the law of the Temple. This is what Moses presented to the people through the Tabernacle in the wilderness complete with all its’ instructions. Without this truth being evident within believers their faith would be futile (Exodus 13).

  • Hebrews 2:14 “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil”
  • Revelation 20:10 “The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.”
  • Hebrews 7:26-27; 9:11-28 “For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens; who does not need daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the people’s, for this He did once for all when He offered up Himself”  (Hebrews 9:11-28).
  • Colossians 2:13-15  “And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He [Yeshua] has made alive together with Him [in His resurrection through His Law of Life], having forgiven you all trespasses, having wiped out the handwriting of requirements that was against us [the law of sin and death], which was contrary to us [in the Law of Life]. And He has taken it [sin and death] out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. Having disarmed [Satan’s] principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it [the cross/stake].”

David Stern says,

“There are hundreds of commands in the New Testament meant as much for Gentiles as for Jews. Nor should it be thought that the New Covenant does away with moral, civil, ceremonial or any other category of law. There are New Testament commands for Jews and Gentiles in all of these categories. To give but a few examples, Romans 13:1-7 and Acts 5:29 touch on civil obedience and disobedience, Matthew 28:19 and 1 Corinthians 5:1-6:7, 14:26-40, 2 Corinthians 2:5-11 and Matthew 18:15-17 deal with order in the Messianic Community, and there are so many moral, ethical and spiritual commands that there is no need to cite them. We conclude that under the New Covenant the Torah remains in force and is as much for Gentiles as for Jews…”

Law versus Torah

Are law and Torah the same? No, the two are separate. Nonetheless, in the New Testament/Brit Chadasha they are not distinguished. This has brought great confusion to the body of believers (see parsha teaching Mishpatim - Exodus 21:1-24:17). Unfortunately anti-Semitism had become very strong in the Church by the time the Scriptures were put into affordable print (King James Version), and the word nomos, devoid of its Hebrew understanding, became a part of our heritage.

How did the scripture loose its Hebrew understanding? The Hebrew language cannot be translated linguistically word for word into English. From the 3rd to 2nd century CE, three major changes took place in the Hebrew culture.

Firstly, Judah (or the Jews) began to strictly follow the oral tradition (Talmud) alongside of the Torah, especially in regard to the suppression of the sacred name of Yahweh.

Secondly, a massive campaign of Greek Hellenization began (started originally by Alexander the Great) with the purpose of uniting the Greek Empire, including Israel, under one common religious heritage. It was and still is today the foundation of the modern-day ecumenical movement.

And thirdly, the LXX (an acronym that stands for the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Torah) was commissioned and eventually adopted as Scripture for non-Hebrew speaking Jews. When subsequent translations of the Old Testament were commissioned they did so from the Greek LXX translation of the Old Testament and not from the Hebrew language that the Torah was written in. The LXX was also the background Scripture scholars drew from for the New Testament/Brit Chadasha. Thus the rendering from Hebrew understanding to Greek understanding took precedence.

Greek understanding is more abstract, sterile and legalistic in thought, while the Hebrew understanding is picture formatted and conceptual in thought – a picture language. We are not saying that there is anything wrong with the Greek language nor is the authority of the Scriptures in question. The point that we are making is that the Greek understanding may be misguiding for many who are not familiar with Hebrew terms and idioms in Scripture, as the majority of the writers of the bible were Hebrew and used the Hebrew tongue.

With the help of Jeff Benner from the Ancient Hebrew Research Center, here are some Hebrew/Greek examples. The Hebrew word statutes H2708 chuqqah in Hebrew understanding describes the appointment of a specific time, function or duty that brings a people separated together. The Hebrew word for judgments H4941 mishpatin Hebrew understanding describes rulings over cases as well as the action of deciding a case. In Hebrew the picture of a ruler is the door of life. Thus the ruler or judge is one who restores life. The goal of one that rules or judges is to bring a pleasant and righteous life to the people. This can also mean a deliverer as one who restores life to his people. Thus His word or commandments H4687 mitsvah are loving instructions/laws to guide and bless His people.

Translating the original Hebrew into Greek left both of Yahweh’s people groups blind, veiled and separated from the truth for a season. Those of a Christian/Hellenistic background found it hard to see Torah in the New Testament/Brit Chadash and thus avoided it. Correspondingly, those of a Jewish/Talmud background also found it hard to see Messiah in the Old Testament/Tanakh.

Using the original Hebrew opens Scripture up in a whole new light– especially passages containing terms like statutes, commandments and judgments. Comparing the Greek LXX with the original Hebrew helps us see the difference.

The LXX or Greek Septuagint:

  • Deuteronomy 11:1 “Therefore you shall love the LORD your God, and keep His charge, His statutes, His judgments, and His commandments always.”

The Hebrew transformed understanding:
Deuteronomy 11:1 “Therefore you shall love the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, and keep His charge, His chuqqah the appointments of specific time, function and duty that brings a people separated together (ie: His principles, Shabbat and Feast Days), His mishpatthe principles to the door of life, and His mitsvah that enable, guide, direct and bless those who walk in Him always.”

We do not mean to condemn the translations we have available today, but instead to shed light Hebraically to some Greek legalistic terms in the Scriptures (Deuteronomy 8:11; Deuteronomy 26:17; Deuteronomy 30:16; 1 Kings 2:3; 1 Kings 6:12; 1 Kings 8:58; Psalm 119:48).

Quote: Hellenistic Judaism by L. Feldman,

“The Septuagint is the oldest Greek translation of the Bible. Legend contained in the apocryphal letter of Aristeas, according to 72 elders of Israel, six from each tribe, translated the LAW (Torah) into Greek, in Alexandria, during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-244 BCE). The Greek translation was for the growing Hellenistic non-Jewish population at the time. The Septuagint was laced with subtle changes. The Hebrew meanings were changed into Greek/Hellenistic meanings. For instance, Yahweh’s Name was changed over 7,010 times to Lord, God, and Adonai (Greek names for their gods). The fact that the word Torah was translated as nomos/law opened the way for anti-Torah in early Christianity and an adoption of many Greek pagan ways. A very subtle introduction of pagan idolatry had slipped into the Holy Scriptures. Finally, the designation Septuagint was extended to the rest of the Bible and non-canonical books that were translated into Greek during the following two centuries.”

Yahweh sets in place His Kingdom principles to live by for a blessing. If we violate these instructions then they become a law against us. This is why John the Baptist came preaching the baptism of repentance and Yeshua started His earthly ministry with “The time is fulfilled and the Kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the Gospel [My instructions Moses wrote down for you at Mount Sinai to bless you]” (Mark 1:4,15).

  • James 2:8-12 “If you really fulfill the royal law [Torah, the Gospel] according to the Scripture, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself,’ you do well; but if you show partiality, you commit sin [against the royal law/Torah, the Gospel], and are convicted by the [Torah, which now becomes a] law [against you] as transgressors [of the Torah]. For whoever shall keep the whole law [Torah], and yet stumble in one point [not having guarded over the principle of the Torah – the law of life], he is guilty of all [and will be convicted by the law of sin and death]. For He who said, ‘Do not commit adultery,’ also said, ‘Do not murder.’ Now if you do not commit adultery, but you do murder, you have become a transgressor of the [Torah which now is a witness against you called the] law [of sin and death]. So speak and so do as those who will be judged by the law of liberty [Torah].”

The grace in Torah is Yahweh’s provision of our forgiveness and redemption back to Him. This was preached long before Mount Sinai in the beginning (Genesis/Beresheet). It is called the Song of Moses and is what Yeshua calls the Gospel. The Gospel explains all about the Kingdom of God. Yeshua is the Gospel manifested in the flesh. He was crucified before Creation and walked as the Living Torah bringing redemption and grace to all. This is the gift of grace and mercy offered to us. Yeshua is the Song of Moses (Deuteronomy 31:22, 30; 32:44; 1 John 1:1; Revelation 13:8).

  • Revelation 15:3 “They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: ‘Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints!’ ”

The two songs are one in the same song

  • Deuteronomy 30:10-16 “If you obey the voice of the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this Book of the Law [the Song of Moses – the Gospel], and if you turn to the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul. For this commandment which I command you today is not too mysterious for you, nor is it far off. It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend into heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ Nor is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ But the word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may do it. See, I have set before you today life and good, death and evil, in that I command you today to love the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments, His statutes, and His judgments, that you may live and multiply; and the LORD/Yahweh your God/Elohim will bless you in the land which you go to possess.”
  • John 5:46-47 Yeshua said, “For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he [Moses] wrote about Me. But if you do not believe his writings [the Gospel, the Song of Moses], how will you believe My words/Torah?”
  • Mark 1:14-15 “Jesus/Yeshua came to Galilee, preaching the Gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, ‘The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the Gospel [the Song of Moses]’”

Grace – Yeshua, the Rock of Our Salvation

  • Deuteronomy 32:15 “But Jeshurun [Israel] grew fat and kicked; you grew fat, you grew thick, you are obese! Then he forsook God who made him, and scornfully esteemed the Rock of his salvation [Yeshua].”
  • 1 Corinthians 10:1-4 “Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ/Yeshua.”
  • 1 Peter 2:7-9 “Therefore, to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, ‘The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone, and a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.’ They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed. But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light” (2 Samuel 22:47; Psalm 18:2-3,46, 62:7; 89:26; 95:1; Romans 9:33; Isaiah 28:16).
  • Matthew 16:18-19 “And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock [Yeshua] I will build My church/ekklesia, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”

Unfortunately, through the ages man took ‘Jesus’ out of His Hebrew context. They tried to sterilize Yeshua by separating Him from His contextual Hebrew background. Christian history even removed Him from the Old Testament/Tanakh. By doing this Yeshua’s personal love letter to us was labeled law and His Marriage Covenant given to us by Moses was no longer part of His Grace. The Tanakh is His Grace to us and the New Testament is a commentary or testimony of that Grace. When we put Yeshua back into His Hebrew biblical context more Jewish people will be able to see Him as their Messiah and man will start to walk with God instead of separating Him from His Son. Yahweh and His Son are one.  ‘The Word’ or ‘Scripture’ became living flesh (Deuteronomy 6:4; Mark12: 29; John 1:1, 14; 10:30; 17:21-22; 1 John 5:6-8).

Yeshua fulfilled the purpose of the Word, which is to draw believers to Himself. He is the goal/telos of Torah. Grace is not a synonym for the law being done away with. The law is Yeshua. The law/Torah was never meant as a means of salvation. Only Yeshua, the author of the Torah, can save His people. Yeshua’s words (at Mount Sinai, His teaching and instruction) will never disappear any more than He can disappear; they are filled with the Spirit and will always be our guide.

  • Matthew 24:35 “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words [ALL Scripture from Genesis to Revelation] will never pass away.”

We are instructed to teach our children and those returning to Yahweh the message/the Gospel/the teachings of Yahweh to bring Life. When the Children of Israel 3,500 years ago stumbled over/disobeyed the message (of Moses), they missed the fullness of the Messiah and His blessings in His Word/Torah. It is the same for us today if we follow their same choices. This is why Moses was very careful to share the Word with the Children of Israel on the eve of entering the land. He talked to them in present tense, meaning this message of the Gospel is a living word – then, and for those in the future (Hebrews Chapters 3 & 4).

  • Hebrews 13:8  “Jesus Christ/Yeshua Ha Mashiach is the same yesterday, today, and forever.”

  • Revelation 1:8 “I [God] am the Alpha [Aleph/the beginning/Genesis] and the Omega [Tov/the end/Revelation],” says the Lord God, “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.” 

  • Revelation 22:13 “I [Yeshua] am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning [Beresheet/Genesis] and the End [Revelation], the First [Aleph] and the Last [Tov].” (Revelation 22:16, 20).

  • 1 Peter 1:10-12 “Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Yeshua in them was pointing when he [the Spirit of Yeshua] predicted the sufferings of Messiah and the glories that would follow. It [the Gospel given by Moses at Mount Sinai] was revealed to them [the prophets filled with the Spirit of Yeshua] that they [the Spirit filled prophets] were not serving themselves but you, when they [the Spirit filled prophets] spoke of the things that have now been told you by those who have preached the Gospel [The words given Moses - the Bride’s marriage covenant/ ketubah given at Mount Sinai] to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things.”

  • Hebrews 3:7 to 4:11 “So, as the Spirit of Yahweh says: ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as you did in the rebellion, during the time of testing in the desert, where your fathers tested and tried me and for forty years saw what I did. That is why I was angry with that generation, and I said, ‘Their hearts are always going astray, and they have not known my ways.’ So I declared on oath in my anger, ‘They shall never enter my rest’ (Psalm 95:7-11).

    “Who were they who heard and rebelled? Were they not all those Moses led out of Egypt? And with whom was he angry for forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose bodies fell in the desert? And to whom did Yahweh swear that they would never enter his rest if not to those who disobeyed (or disbelieved)? So we see that they were not able to enter, because of their unbelief [in the Gospel].

    “Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. For we also have had the Gospel [The words given Moses at Mount Sinai] preached to us, just as they [the Children of Israel] did [at Mount Sinai]; but the message [the Gospel] they heard was of no value to them, because those [at Mount Sinai] who heard did not combine it with faith [obey the word they heard]. Now we who have believed [who put into practice what we heard] enter that rest, just as Yahweh has said, so I declared on oath in my anger, ‘They shall never enter my rest’ (Psalm 95:11).

    “And yet his work has been finished since the creation of the world. For somewhere he has spoken about the seventh day in these words: ‘And on the seventh day God rested from all his work.’ (Genesis 2:2). And again in the passage above he says, ‘They shall never enter my rest’ (Psalm 95:11).

    “It still remains that some will enter that rest [because they obeyed the message/Gospel], and those who formerly had the Gospel [the words given Moses at Mount Sinai] preached to them did not go in, because of their disobedience [to act on His Word]. Therefore God again set a certain day, calling it Today, when a long time later he spoke through David, as was said before: Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts (Psalm 95:7,8).

    “For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken later about another day. There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from his own work, just as God did from his. Let ‘US’, therefore, make every effort to enter that rest [by obeying His Chukim - His lasting impressions, marks, signs and wonders, His Mishpatim - His loving kindness, and His Mitzvot - His loving principles, teaching and instruction to guide and direct the you through the Wilderness and enabled you to enter in and posses the land He has given you], so that no one will fall by following their [Israel’s] example of disobedience.”

This message from Moses was given in prophetic language and empowered by the Holy Spirit/Ruach Ha Kodesh for us today. The words Yeshua passed on have been hotly contested all through history, or His-story, because they are ultimately about Yeshua the Messiah. Yeshua said,

“For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me [Yeshua]; for he [Moses] wrote about Me. But if you do not believe his [Moses] writings, how will you believe My [Yeshua’s] words [chukim, mishpatim and mitzvoth]?” (John 5:46-47).

Studying the Scriptures has shown what happened to those who refuted Moses and rejected Yahweh’s words. Why is this? When the people rejected Moses, they rejected Yahweh and His plan for His children and the Nations (Exodus 19:5-6). When they took matters into their own hands, out came a golden calf, other forms of worship, plagues and wars. When they listened to Yahweh and obeyed what He said as directed through Moses immeasurable blessings of health, wealth, provisions and prosperity uplifted the Children of Israel and led them to the land and ultimately back to the Garden – eternal life (3 John 2).

Why is there a dark cloud over what Yahweh taught through Moses? Generations through the ages and into this day have had many people reject Yahweh’s teaching and instruction. The attack on Moses has been consistent throughout the eras. Many believers today still slander Moses and mock Yahweh’s instructions. The Word spoken by Yahweh through Moses has not been upheld in many places nor taught by those who call themselves “ministers of the Gospel.” Why is this?

The Gospel Will Not Disappear!

Four studies ago we looked at a few of the early church fathers who tried to wipe away any correlation between Moses’ teachings of the Word of Yahweh and the message of Yeshua in the New Testament/Brit Chadasha (see Parsha Balak – Numbers www.sheepfoldgleanings.com). Looking into the New Testament/Brit Chadasha Scripture reveals that the only Word Yeshua and His disciples taught was the same Word that Yahweh spoke to Moses and His Prophets in the Old Testament/Tanakh. The Gospel - Torah is the only Word of Truth Yeshua upheld. He is the spoken Word/Gospel in the flesh.

  • Matthew 5:17-18 “Think not that I am come to destroy the law [Torah] or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. For verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law [Torah], till all be fulfilled”.

This must be true because heaven and earth have not passed away. Every word of Yahweh spoken in the Torah and by His Prophets is true and will be fulfilled.

What are a “jots” and “tittles”? In Hebrew they are called yud and nekudah, and mean the smallest letter in the Hebrew alphabet and the smallest markings such as crown points on top of some letters bringing attention to Yahweh’s commands. In Torah scrolls, the Hebrew letters have been inscribed precisely from one Torah scroll to the next, from generation to generation.

When Yeshua spoke those words in Matthew 5:17-18, He was pointing to the accuracy of His Word that has been passed on to us exactly the way Moses received it and wrote it thousands of years earlier. Yeshua was saying that the HEBREW characters and particles WOULD NOT PASS AWAY FROM THE TORAH!!!

Why is this important? The Messiah is clearly stating in the New Testament/Brit Chadasha (Matthew 5:17-18) that the final authority regarding the Torah and the prophets was to be the Hebrew writings – not translations. The Greek language does not have characters called jots or tittles! Yeshua is not condemning translations, He is teaching us today that it is the HEBREW that constitutes the final court of appeal regarding what is right and what is wrong. Many people have been taught incorrectly that our final authority is the New Testament/Brit Chadasha. Eighty-five percent of the New Testament/Brit Chadasha is made up of quotations from the Hebrew Tanakh (Old Testament)! The Brit Chadasha could be considered a commentary and fulfillment of the Tanakh. The Tanakh and the Brit Chadasha should be thought of and taught as one complete book, not two separate independent books.

What does Yeshua ask us to obey and what does He command us to walk in?

  • Mark 1:14-15 “Jesus/Yeshua came to Galilee, preaching the Gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, ‘The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the Gospel.’”

For a deeper insight we go to the Book of John.

Love One Another
John 15:1-11

The New Testament/Brit Chadasha reading this week picks up in the middle of a teaching by Yeshua, which began in John 13:34 and continues through to John 15:17. The teaching is called “Love One Another.” The Scripture suggests that Yeshua was teaching a new command, but clearly He was quoting from Leviticus 19:18 and was renewing this teaching to His disciples at His Passover meal. As Moses gave “his children” a last message, the Gospel, before his death, Yeshua also shares His most important last words His Gospel from Mount Sinai with His closest companions and friends.

Yeshua shared Moses with His disciples just hours before His death and said to them,

“I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. IF you really knew me, you would know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him” (John 14:6-7).

The phrase I am the way, the truth and the life is an idiom for the Torah, Yahweh’s teaching and instruction – the Gospel. Yeshua was telling His disciples He is the Living Torah, the Word made flesh.

“Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. Don’t you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? IF you LOVE ME, you will obey what I command [mitzvot spoken through Moses at Mount Sinai]. On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you. Whoever has my commands and obeys them [mitzvot spoken through Moses at Mount Sinai], he is the one who LOVES ME. He who loves me, will be loved by my Father, and I too will love him and show myself to him. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me...the world must learn that I love the Father and that I do exactly what my Father has commanded me.”

“I am the true vine and my Father is the gardener. Remain in me, and I will remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. I am the vine; you are the branches. IF a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. IF anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned. IF you remain in me and MY WORDS [spoken through Moses at Mount Sinai] remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be given you [not for your purposes, but for the Father’s purpose]. This is to my Father’s glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples [one who obeys His Mitzvot].”

“As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love. IF you obey my commands [mitzvot given at Mount Sinai], you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father's commands and remain in his love.”

“I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and that your joy may be complete. My command is this: Love each other as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this that he lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command [mitzvot spoken through Moses at Mount Sinai]…You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit - fruit that will last. This is my command/mitzvot: Love each other” (Leviticus 19:18; John 13:34-15:17).

When we diligently search and root out the enemy in our camp (any sin of dishonor) we are naturally drawn toward repentance/heart circumcision by the Holy Spirit/Ruach Ha Kodesh (Luke 3:7-17). Only through repentance (not remorse, regrets, guilt or sorrow), are we set free from Satan’s rule and our own self-imposed exiles and imprisonments. In repentance we are gifted with the fruit of repentance called the fruit of the Spirit that we may be encouraged and strengthened in our commitment to Yeshua. This fruit is His Government that protects and guides us from any temptations and wiles of the enemy. When we take off the old filthy garments (any dishonoring nature that is not of Yahweh) we also liberate ourselves from any distortions that we may have had about His Truth so that we can now begin a redeemed lifestyle/sanctification that leads to a committed walk in Yeshua’s priesthood.

Yeshua has fulfilled the need for a manmade physical Temple in Jerusalem and fulfilled the requirements liberating us from the law of sin and death. Yeshua serves in a heavenly Tabernacle. Walking physically in His principles/mitzvot is what brings holiness into believer’s lives and glorifies His Name, His dwelling place today. Yeshua has shown His people how to walk with right heart attitudes by His word/Torah. Believers have the Spirit/Ruach to guide them just as the Children of Israel had in the wilderness. If we call ourselves the Children of the Living God, we will have a desire to walk in obedience to His principles as Yeshua taught, led by His Spirit of Holiness. The walking out of the principles, His Gospel, shows our love for Him. Without this sanctified lifestyle, how can we love our neighbor?

The Vision Concerning a Rebellious Nation
Isaiah 1:1-27

Isaiah was a Prophet during the reign of four kings from the House of Judah and seven kings from the House of Israel. The Two Houses (Kingdoms) of Israel had been at war with each other since Jeroboam separated and took the Northern Kingdom with him after King Solomon’s son Rehoboam came to power. The House of Israel went into idolatry first. The Two Houses had not been on friendly terms until the King of Judah Jehoshaphat made an alliance with the House of Israel through King Ahab. Intermarriage between their children strengthened the alliance. House of Judah took on the idols introduced by the House of Israel, and in the time of Isaiah, both houses had fallen heavily into occultism under the reign of King Ahaz.

Ahaz King of Judah walked in the ways of the House of Israel, following the detestable ways of the nations Yahweh had driven out before the Israelites. He offered sacrifices to pagan gods, to the point where he even sacrificed his own son in the fire. He burned incense at the high places, on the hilltops and under every spreading tree. He made a copy of Tilgath-Pileser King of Assyria’s pagan altar and put it in the place of Yahweh’s bronze altar in the Temple. Ahaz had the priest offer sacrifices and daily offerings on this new altar. He removed the side panels and the basins from the movable stands. He removed the sea from the bronze bulls that supported it and set it on a stone base. He took away the Sabbath canopy that had been built at the Temple and removed the royal entryway outside the Temple of Yahweh in deference to the king of Assyria (2 Kings 16).

Taking away the Sabbath canopy meant that the king of Judah replaced Yahweh’s celebrations with Babylonian celebrations in honor the god’s of the king of Assyria. Ahaz introduced Babylonian gods and Babylonian festivals into Yahweh’s Temple. The celebrations he introduced were the spring and winter solstice (called Easter and Christmas today), and the worship of the Babylonian crescent moon (opposite direction to the Hebrew Biblical crescent). By doing this Ahaz King of Judah showed his allegiance to Tilgath-Pileser King of Babylon. Ahaz turned his back on the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob by worshipping other gods in a forbidden way.

As we enter the haftarah reading this week we hear the prophecy to the Children of Israel who rebelled against Yahweh’s teaching and instructions. The same as was in King Ahaz’s time can be true in our day. Many believers have mixed Yahweh’s ways with pagan worship and are offering this strange fire to Yahweh. They have turned their backs on Yahweh and forsaken His ways, upholding pagan festivals. Yahweh used the prophet Isaiah to speak to His people. Yahweh is still using Isaiah to speak today. May we hear (shema: hear and obey) the words of Isaiah in our hearts and return to proper worship of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

  • Isaiah 1:10-20 “Listen to the LAW/Mitzvot of Yahweh [The Gospel: the teaching and instruction given at Mount Sinai] … I have had enough of your [Babylonian] sacrifices! What are they to me? Your [Babylonian] New Moon Festivals and your [Babylonian] appointed feasts my soul hates… Wash and make yourselves clean… Stop doing wrong, learn to do right!…Come now, let us reason together,’ says Yahweh. ‘Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red as crimson, they shall be like wool. If you are willing and obedient, you will eat the best from the land; but if you resist and rebel, you will be devoured by the sword.’ For the mouth of Yahweh has spoken.”

We are Abraham’s seed. We are the children Moses spoke to, and we are Yeshua’s disciples/talmudim. What Gospel message do we uphold? How are we worshipping Him today? What is the good news we are sharing among Yahweh’s people? Is it the same Gospel message and good news that Abraham, Moses, all the Prophets, Yeshua, Peter, Paul and the disciples shared? Is it a message of repentance PLUS the Gospel of how to walk in a sanctified, redeemed and holy lifestyle for a redeemed people? Are we teaching how to walk in His Royal Priesthood as a Holy Nation? Is it the same message given at Mount Sinai or is it a mixed message? What are we declaring among the Nations? Are we proclaiming Yahweh’s Glory by celebrating His New Moon Festivals, His appointed moedim/Feast Days and keeping His Sabbaths? Are we teaching the children of Israel how to discern what is clean and what is unclean, what is holy and what is unholy before the Nations we serve? What kind of fruit does the teaching we share produce? Does it resemble Yeshua’s teaching at Mount Sinai on Shavuot and bear witness as at the Feast of Shavuot/Pentecost in Acts 2? Who and what are we disciples of? Does our heart follow after Yeshua’s heart and do we love with passion as David loved – Yahweh’s Torah - His chukim - His lasting impressions, marks, signs and wonders, His mishpatim - His loving kindness, and His mitzvot - His loving principles- teaching and instruction – called the Royal Law – the Gospel, His Law of Love? (Leviticus 23; Numbers Chapters 28-29; Ezekiel 44:23-24; Galatians 3:7, 29; James 2:8).

  • John 5:46-47 Yeshua said, “For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words/Torah?”

To be continued…

Shabbat Shalom,
Julie Parker

References

Restoring the Jewishness of the Gospel by David Stern www.messianicjewish.net

Hebrew the Final Authority by Monty Judah

Ancient Hebrew Research Center Jeff Benner http://www.ancient-hebrew.org

Septuagint www.wikipedia.org

Sheep Banner by Phil Haswell

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